The OCB Summer School will take place this year at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in Massachusetts. Taking place over the course of four days, the event will consist of five talks on varying topics. The content of the talks are the following:
Carbon fluxes in coastal wetlands (Monday)
Coastal wetlands (e.g., salt marshes, mangroves, tidal freshwater wetlands, and sea grass beds) exhibit high rates of carbon assimilation, storage and fluxes. These ecosystems provide a wide range of services, including carbon sequestration, coastal protection, habitat provision and nutrient and sediment regulation. Recent studies demonstrate that coastal wetlands play important roles in global and regional carbon cycles and exert significant influences on the biogeochemistry of the coastal ocean. This session will kick off with presentations by invited speakers Ray Najjar (Penn State) and Lisamarie Windham-Myers (USGS). The remainder of the session will include a combination of lightning presentations by OCB workshop participants and open group discussion on the topics of internal cycling, lateral fluxes and exchanges, vertical fluxes and exchanges, and regional-scale modeling efforts.
Ecological and biogeochemical impacts of natural climate perturbation (Tuesday morning)
Projected anthropogenic climate change over the coming century is likely to impact marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles in marked and various ways. In addition to this anticipated change, natural modes of climate variability have been found in the past to influence marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles on human-relevant timescales. In some cases, the magnitude of natural perturbations and potential consequences may exceed the anticipated effects from climate warming over the coming century. Speakers in this session will examine the ecological and biogeochemical consequences of natural modes of climate variability, including El Niño-Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, the North Atlantic Oscillation, and others.
Mesoscale and submesoscale physical-biological-biogeochemical interactions (Tuesday afternoon)
This session will address mesoscale and submesoscale dynamics and the physical-biological-biogeochemical interactions that occur over the associated space and time scales. Speakers will present research on the role of physical circulation features in the distributions of chemical constituents and organisms in coastal and open ocean regions. Both observational and modeling perspectives will be included in the discussion of how physical processes influence the transport of material and the biological pump.
Stoichiometry and higher trophic levels (Wednesday)
Ecological stoichiometry considers how the balance of C,N,P, and other chemical elements affects, and is affected by, organisms and their interactions. The majority of research on this subject in marine ecosystems has focused on primary producers; this session will highlight the role of consumers in carbon and nutrient cycling.
Our autonomous future (Thursday morning)
This session will highlight existing and visionary technologies that hold great promise for advancing OCB science, including in situ manipulation and exploration of the mesopelagic, remote molecular probes to detect microorganisms in real-time, autonomous robotic networks to quantify biogeochemical fluxes and other key ecosystem parameters, and underwater imaging technology to assess particle size spectra