Global warming is a great challenge for humankind. Most countries have therefore signed an agreement to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in order to keep and the average atmospheric temperature increase from ever reaching 2⁰C, preferentially staying below 1.5⁰C. Less discussed is that the ocean warming accounts for more than 90% of the total energy stored from global warming from 1971 to 2010 (IPCC AR5). This large change will continue in the future as long as the concentrations of greenhouse gases continue to increase. The atmospheric temperature will most likely continue to rise, but what will the effects in the ocean be? Temperature fronts will change as will the vertical ocean stratification with likely impacts on ocean currents. These and other changes and challenges related to an ocean warming will affect the ecosystem, including carbon fluxes within the ocean and exchange with the atmosphere.
This symposium aims to cover quite a large number of themes and areas. Chief amongst these is the potential evolution of the ocean in a warming climate. Participants will seek to learn not only from the geological past, but from the present knowledge in oceanography, carbon- and ecosystem sciences and numerical modelling also.
The symposium is free of charge and open to all, but registration is necessary. More information will become available in December.